Geographical, Historical, And Statistical Map Of Arkansas Territory. Stephen H. Long, Maj. U. S. Engineers.
Geographical, Historical, And Statistical Map Of Arkansas Territory.

Geographical, Historical, And Statistical Map Of Arkansas Territory.

Philadelphia: H.C. Carey And I. Lea, Chestnut Street, 1822. An important map of the trans-Mississippi West, this map charts the first occurrence in American cartography in which Arkansas is shown as a separate territory from Missouri and Louisiana, and charts Major Stephen Long's 1819-1820 western expedition. It shows the country between the Platte and Red Rivers with the highest degree of accuracy of the day, with the western drainage of the Mississippi River. The map also shows for the first time the area to the west of Arkansas named the 'Great Desert'. Long believed that this area was not suited to farming, and would better serve as a buffer between America and foreign territories; he notes "The Great Desert is frequented by roving bands of Indians who have no fixed places of residence but roam from place to place in quest of game". Also marked is the "Great Spanish Road", leading to Santa Fe, which would soon coincide with part of the Santa Fe Trail. The mapping of the area of the Platte River ("Route of the Exploring Expedition westward from Council Bluff") would also facilitate the huge migration of settlers, Mormons and gold seekers in the coming decades. Drawn by S.H. Long Maj. U.S. Engineers, and engraved by Young & Delleker. From the first edition of the Carey & Lea atlas, 'A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas', the first American atlas that used explanatory text in columns to the left and right of the map. This map depicts Arkansas in the period prior to becoming a state, with "Spanish Territory" immediately to the west. The explanatory text on either side of the map provides an historical sketch and information on climate and soil, animal life, Native Americans, and government. Title cartouche reads "Map Of Arkansas And Other Territories of the United States Respectfully inscribed to the Hon. J.C. Calhoun Secretary Of War By S.H. Long Major T. Engineers". Copper engraved map with period hand color, image size: 20 3/4 x 16 1/2". Paper size: 22 x 17 3/4". Wheat, C.I. (TM) 348. Overall in very good condition. Item #15844

Price: $1,750.00

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