London: Alexander Hogg, at No. 16, Pater-noster Row, (1785). Second edition. A most interesting copy, augmented with four contemporary manuscript maps with strong connections to James Cook's voyages. The intricate maps are in pen and ink, in the same ink & style as the signature of Henry Salmon, the owner of the book in 1790. This copy was poured over by Mr. Salmon. There are occasional ink spatters and a few minor notations; there is the remnant of his cup of tea splashed onto a page; and his intricate hand-drawn maps are meticulously drawn and strategically placed to reflect the nearby text. Although Mr. Salmon is not listed as an original subscriber, original subscribers include Mr. George William Anderson, editor of the folio edition of Cook's Voyages; and Mr. Arnold, author of the New History of America.
This history of England and its rulers is replete with plates illustrating the rulers of every age. The section covering the reign of George II is a very important record of the Revolutionary War in America. This period is referred to in the title as "the Present Very Important Crisis". The images that illustrate this section are most important, for example, the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. The American views include: "View of the Attack on Bunker's Hill with the Burning of Charles Town June 17th 1775"; "Portrait & Uniform of An American General (with) A real representation of the Dress of An American Rifle-Man"; "The American General Lee taken Prisoner by Lieutenant Colonel Harcourt of the English Army, in Morris Country, New Jersey, 1776"; the Engagement of Captn Pearson in His Majesty's Ship Serapis, with Paul Jones of the American Ship of War called the Bon Homme Richard..." & "The Unfortunate Death of Major Andre...".
Several of the manuscript maps are on watermarked laid paper, the watermark being a crest topped with a crown, with a bell on the suspended from it. They are strategically tipped-in to illustrate nearby text. They include:
[Map of English Channel]; showing the South coast of England and the North coast of France. Plymouth is prominent on the map, the launching place of Cook's three voyages. 14 1/4 x 9". Bound into the section on the reign of George II.
[Map of present day Indonesia, the Philippines & the north coast of Australia]; identifies divided New Guinea marking the Western portion as an island; Endeavour Straits recorded, Dampier's Coast, on the northwest of Western Australia; place names marked on the Philippines - Manilla, Lobo, "Negroes Island"; Borneo - C. Bad Luck, 5 interior towns marked (Borneo, Lawa, Parak, Plajow, Benjarmasser); Malacca is marked but not marking Singapore; Island of Yap next to Martyrs Group; Java includes Batavia & Japara. The Endeavour River, the site of the grounding of Cook's ship "The Endeavour" is marked, as well as Endeavour Straits. 14 1/4 x 12", folded, wove paper. Bound into the section on the reign of George III.
["New Holland"] including New Zealand and present day Indonesia. On the map of New Zealand, the creator copies the mistakes made by Cook with Banks Island and Stewart Island as part of the mainland. The South Island is called Tovaipoenammoo, the North Island called Eaheu Nomdrve. The East coast of Australia and Tasmania are joined; "New South Wales discovered 1770 by Capt. Cooke" (sic) runs parallel to the East coast. The map marks Botany Bay and Cook's geographical markings all the up the coast. On the coast of Western Australia, Dirk Hartog, Dampier & Tasman's discoveries are marked; Land of Lyons in the south west; Rottenest Island; Red Point (halfway to Shark's bay); Dirk Hartog's Island; Barren Island; Shark's Bay; Williams Bay; Trial Rocks, F. de Witts Land. "New Holland" in the middle of continent. Cook discovered the East coast of Australia in 1770, but it was not until Flinders' & Bass's circumnavigation of Tasmania in 1798 that this misrepresentation began to be corrected. The map of Australia is tipped-in in the section of the George III's reign. 16 x 12 3/4", folded, watermarked, laid paper, tipped in with a sheet of ledger paper.
[Map of the mouth of the St. Lawrence River]; encompassing Cape Cod and to the North, Labrador and New Foundland. Geographical features marked include "Great Fishing Bank of New Foundland", "Labrador Little Esquimaux", mouth of the St. Lawrence is marked "Gulf of St. Lawrence". Quebec & Boston are marked. Cook first made his name as a promising navigator by mapping the St. Lawrence River during the British attack on Quebec. Remnants of the same ledger tab on verso of map 16 x 12 3/4".
The frontispiece map is by Thomas Kitchen, "A New and Accurate Map of That District of Great Britain called England and Wales. This map has Mr. Salmon's MANUSCRIPT ADDITIONS on the southern margin of the map including the northern coast of France and the Aldernay Islands. With original outline color, 13 x 15", folded.
Inscribed on the original front free end paper "Henry Salmon's Book Febry 22nd 1790"; and signed on the verso of the frontispiece "Henry Salmon".
OCLC: 40226187 second edition citing 1785; Copac and the ESTC both cite the publication as (1791?). However, the last text entry is dated 25th January 1785.
Folio, (15" tall), pp (2) iv, 5-712, 4pp (Subscriber's List). Frontispiece (Magna Charta [sic]), text double column, (iv) [(advertisement) pp., last pages of the index, list of subscribers], 104 plates of portraits of the monarchs, maps of the British Isles, important battles, signing of the Magna 'Charta' (sic), Guy Fawkes, the Great Fire, Bill of Rights, etc. Four manuscript maps. Pages 441-444 are omitted as issued. Light general foxing, a couple of ink spots in text margins (Mr. Salmon?), minor border repair on a plate, remnants of tea splashing (Mr. Salmon again…) p. 372, frontispiece and several other pages with marginal repairs. Overall a nice clean copy. Nicely rebound in full brown calf binding, gilt title and author on spine, raised bands.
A highly unusual copy of this book. Item #22528