Smithtown Long Island, farmer's ledger which includes payments to free blacks. Isaac Buffett, W. P. Buffett, Hannah Buffett.
Smithtown Long Island, farmer's ledger which includes payments to free blacks.
Smithtown Long Island, farmer's ledger which includes payments to free blacks.

Smithtown Long Island, farmer's ledger which includes payments to free blacks.

Long Island, NY: 1826 - 1844. Hardcover. Ledger book of the estate of Isaac Buffett recorded by his executor W. P. Buffett, a lengthy record of payments and loans made by a successful early family of Smithtown, NY.

Local names recorded here include: Hannah Buffett (she was paid for weaving, carding wool & coloring yarn), Lottie Smith, Andrew Willets, Jonas Arthur, George Lewis, Ebenezer Gildersleeve (prominent early shipbuilding family), Hubbard Gildersleeve, Henry Jarvis, Samuel Conklin, Leveritt Hudson, Melancton Wheeler, David Nichols, Daniel Nichols, Jesse Nichols, Philetur Nichols, John Hunter, Ruth Ann Ketcham, Enoch Ketcham, Alfred Mulford, and Henry and Maria Buffett Fuller.

The ledger includes payments to free blacks, with each designated "a blackman", including: Mike, Cyrus, and Jerry. Their payments are for farm labor including harvesting, thrashing, shoveling dung, stacking oats, and butchering animals. Jerry's day rate is 88 cents. Slaves in New York had been gradually emancipated; full emancipation wasn't complete until 1827.

Some recipes are neatly written in ink on the early pages, they are for preserving beef, ham and sausage; and for making ginger beer.

Folio, 6 1/2 x 15 1/2", in the original blue paper covered boards, a period ink title penned at front board now illegible. "Cost Book" inscribed in period ink as title page. Not paginated; most pages have records, approximately 85 pages in all. Boards rubbed and worn; spine missing. Ledger pages clean and bright. Good +. Item #25145

Price: $650.00