1911. A group of 13 vernacular photographs printed on postcards taken in 1911 by an American who was involved in supporting the Xinhai Revolution of 1911. The postcards are all annotated on the verso, and give a picture of US involvement, in San Francisco, Yokohama and Canton.
Two postcards illustrate the ties with Japan. One is a photo of a group of six Japanese in Western clothing, including a young woman, in a large open touring car, with the annotation "This picture was taken in front of the Clift (sic) House Aug. 20, 1911. " Cliff house was a prominent hotel in San Francisco. At this time, the U.S. Navy was entertaining the Japanese training squadron in San Francisco. Another card shows two American men in rickshaws "Jinrikshas in Yokohama, Japan". We presume that these men were the American naval attachés or diplomats.
The other 11 images are taken in Canton, and two are related to the "72 Martyrs" that were beheaded. The annotations on the verso read:
"Martyrs" who were beheaded by orders of Imperial Government for part they took in destroying the Viceroy's office 4/27/11. Soldiers are lined up on opposite side of pond, just below people standing on embankment.;
11/19/11 Soldiers (Rebels) & sympathizers holding religious services at the graves of 72 "martyrs" buried in Canton cemetery. These were beheaded by orders of Imperial Govt. for party they took in destroying the Viceroy's office - 4/27/11.
The rest are views of Canton-
Canton River, sampans & S. S. Wilmington in the distance, American Gun boat;
English Bridge, Shameen to Canton (a sign advertising "Yuen Hang, Boulanger, Canton" hangs to the right of the bridge);
French Bridge, Shameen to Canton (this rather poor film);
"One of the Bravest" on Shameen - looking up Central Ave. (a soldier with a white domed hat and white puttees);
Another view of the English Bridge, Shameen to Canton;
The American Consul's residence & office;
Rear entrance to American consul's office - building on right used by the consul's coolies. Dr. Swan of Canton Hospital in his private sedan chair;
along the Bund of Kook Four, a suburb of Canton;
View from the French Concession of Shameen, looking towards Canton & near "French" Bridge.
The Xinhai Revolution (pinyin: Xinhài Gémìng), also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC). The revolution consisted of many revolts and uprisings. The turning point was the Wuchang uprising on 10 October 1911, which was the result of the mishandling of the Railway Protection Movement. The revolution ended with the abdication of the six-year-old Last Emperor, Puyi, on 12 February 1912, that marked the end of 2,000 years of imperial rule and the beginning of China's early republican era. Dr. Sun Yat-Sen led the Xinhai Revolution to victory in 1911.
The Republic of China in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China on the mainland both consider themselves the legitimate successors to the Xinhai Revolution and honor the ideals of the revolution including nationalism, republicanism, modernization of China and national unity. 10 October is commemorated in Taiwan as Double Ten Day, the National Day of the ROC. In mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau, the day is celebrated as the Anniversary of the Xinhai Revolution. (Wikipedia). Item #24937